Evaluating Damages in a Personal Injury Case: Economic vs. Non-economic Damages

Personal injury cases often involve various types of damages, which can be broadly classified as economic and non-economic. These damages play a crucial role in determining the compensation awarded to victims. Understanding the difference between economic and non-economic damages, their significance in personal injury cases, and the role of an experienced attorney in ensuring fair compensation is essential for successfully navigating the legal process. 

At The Law Office of Ben Evan, we are dedicated to providing the Upper Marlboro, Maryland community with educational, informative, helpful, and unique content focusing on personal injury law. In this blog post, we will discuss the concept of economic and non-economic damages, their importance in personal injury cases, and the benefits of working with a skilled attorney to ensure all potential damages are adequately represented.

Economic damages refer to the tangible, calculable financial losses from an accident or injury, such as medical bills, lost wages, and property damage. Non-economic damages, on the other hand, encompass the more abstract and subjective harms a victim may suffer, such as pain and suffering, emotional distress, or loss of companionship. In a personal injury case, properly evaluating and presenting both types of damages is essential to maximizing your compensation.

In this blog post, we will delve into the nuances of economic and non-economic damages, their role in personal injury cases, and the importance of working with a knowledgeable attorney to navigate the legal landscape surrounding damages in personal injury claims.

Economic Damages in Personal Injury Cases

Economic damages encompass the quantifiable financial losses a victim sustains due to the injury:

1. Medical Expenses: These include costs for emergency room visits, hospital stays, surgeries, medications, and any required rehabilitation or therapy.

2. Lost Wages: If the injured party must miss work or cannot return to their job, the loss of income can be claimed as economic damages.

3. Property Damage: Expenses related to repairing or replacing damaged property, such as a vehicle involved in a car accident, can also constitute economic damages.

4. Future Financial Losses: Economic damages may also account for a diminished earning capacity or long-term medical treatments.

Non-economic Damages in Personal Injury Cases

Non-economic damages address the intangible, subjective effects of an injury:

1. Pain and Suffering: This category covers the physical pain and discomfort resulting from an injury.

2. Emotional Distress: Anxiety, depression, or other emotional consequences of an accident may be claimed as non-economic damages.

3. Loss of Enjoyment: If the injury prevents a person from engaging in hobbies or activities they once enjoyed, the victim may seek compensation for this loss.

4. Loss of Consortium: This damage type applies when the injured party’s relationship with their spouse or family members is negatively impacted by the accident.

Factors Influencing the Calculation of Damages

Various factors come into play when determining the amount of compensation in a personal injury case:

1. Extent and Severity of Injuries: More severe injuries typically result in higher damages, as they often create larger financial burdens and long-lasting impacts on a person’s quality of life.

2. Impact on Daily Life: Consideration is given to how the injury affects the victim’s ability to work, participate in activities, and maintain relationships.

3. Duration of Recovery: Longer recovery periods may result in increased damages due to the required ongoing medical care, therapy, and loss of income.

4. Insurance Policy Limits: The amount recoverable may be restricted by the limitations within the at-fault party’s insurance policy.

The Role of an Experienced Attorney in Evaluating Damages

Working with a knowledgeable personal injury attorney is crucial for accurately assessing and presenting damages in your case:

1. Experience in Damage Calculation: A skilled attorney understands the nuances of calculating economic and non-economic damages, ensuring that all avenues for compensation are explored.

2. Gathering Evidence: Your lawyer will work diligently to collect the necessary evidence to substantiate your claim for damages.

3. Negotiating Settlements: Attorneys have the experience to present your case effectively during settlement negotiations, increasing the likelihood of securing fair compensation.

4. Representing You in Court: If your case proceeds to trial, an experienced attorney will be well-prepared to present your damages persuasively and argue for the best possible outcome.


Understanding the difference between economic and non-economic damages in personal injury cases is vital to securing fair compensation for your losses. By working with an experienced attorney at The Law Office of Ben Evan, you can trust that your personal injury claim will be diligently evaluated and all potential damages thoroughly assessed and presented to strengthen your case and maximize your compensation.

If you or a loved one has suffered a personal injury and need guidance on the complexities of economic and non-economic damages, contact The Law Office of Ben Evan in Upper Marlboro, Maryland. Our dedicated and experienced personal injury attorneys are committed to pursuing justice for victims, providing the experience and representation you need to recover the compensation you deserve.

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